Knee pain is the most debilitating condition that can be experienced due to a sudden injury in the knee, overuse of the knee joint, or by an underlying condition, such as arthritis. Knee pain is often associated with swelling, tenderness, and stiffness.
Treatment of knee pain
Treatment of knee pain vary, depending upon its cause and include following:
Your orthopedic doctor may prescribe medications like pain killers, corticosteroids, and other supplements to help relieve pain and in case of to treat underlying conditions, in cases of rheumatoid arthritis or gout.
Different types of strengthening exercises may be recommended by your doctor to strengthen the muscles around your knee will make it more flexible and stable. These therapies include physical therapy, arch supports, or use of different types of braces to help protect and support your knee joint.
Injections such as corticosteroids, Hyaluronic acid, or Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) may be injected directly into the knee joint to help in knee pain.
- Corticosteroids. It may help reduce arthritis symptoms and provide pain relief. However, these injections are not effective in all cases.
- Hyaluronic acid. It acts as a natural lubricate and when injected into the joint it may improve mobility and ease pain.
- Platelet-rich plasma (PRP). PRP treatment is effective in tendon tears, knee injury or sprains where it helps reduce inflammation and promote healing.
Surgical reconstruction is considered only in extreme cases where the pain is worse and ineffective towards all the other treatments. Types of surgical option include:
- Arthroscopic surgery. This type of surgery is recommended to repair or remove loose bodies from the knee joint, damage cartilage and for reconstructing the ligaments surrounding the knee.
- Partial knee replacement surgery. In this procedure, a part of damaged portion of the knee is replaced with artificial metal components made up of metal or plastic.
- Total knee replacement. Total Knee Replacement Surgery involves replacing the damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone, and kneecap, with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers.