Knee pain is the most debilitating condition that can be experienced due to a sudden injury in the knee, overuse of the knee joint, or an underlying condition, such as arthritis. Knee pain is often associated with swelling, tenderness, and stiffness.
Treatment of Knee Pain
Depending on what's causing your pain, you may feel better with rest, anti-inflammatory medication, and ice. If you have a more severe injury, you may need a procedure or surgery
Treatment of knee pain varies, depending upon its cause and includes the following:
Your orthopedic doctor may prescribe medications like pain killers, corticosteroids, and other supplements to help relieve pain and also treat underlying conditions, in cases such as Rheumatoid Arthritis or Gout.
Different types of strengthening exercises may be recommended by your doctor to strengthen the muscles around your knee. It will make your knee more flexible and stable. The therapies include physical therapy, arch supports, or the use of different types of braces to help protect and support your knee joint.
Injections such as corticosteroids, Hyaluronic acid, or Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) may be injected directly into the knee joint to help you with knee pain.
CorticosteroidsIt may help reduce arthritis symptoms and provide pain relief. However, these injections are not effective in all cases.
Hyaluronic acidIt acts as a natural lubricate and when injected into the joint it may improve mobility and ease the pain.
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP)PRP treatment is effective in tendon tears, knee injuries, or sprains where it helps reduce inflammation and promote healing.
Surgical reconstruction is considered only in extreme cases where the pain is worse and no other treatment works. Types of surgical option include:
Arthroscopic SurgeryThis type of surgery is recommended to repair or remove loose bodies from the knee joint, damage cartilage or the ligaments surrounding the knee.
Partial Knee Replacement SurgeryIn this procedure,only the damaged portion of the knee is replaced with artificial metal components made up of metal or plastic. The healing time of partial knee surgery is less than total knee surgery.
Total Knee ReplacementTotal Knee Replacement Surgery involves replacing the damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone, and kneecap, with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers.
Also Read : Exercises for Knee Pain