In this article:

  1. About Osteoarthritis
  2. Causes of Osteoarthritis
  3. Early Symptoms of Osteoarthritis
  4. Diagnosis of Osteoarthritis
  5. Treatment of Osteoarthritis
    1. Medicines
    2. Physiotherapy
    3. Life Style Modification
    4. Dietary Supplements
    5. Arthroscopy
    6. Knee Replacement Surgery
  6. Precaution for Osteoarthritis

About Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis that develops at the ends of bones, especially at a joint where two bones meet. The cartilage (protective tissue) is present at the ends of the bones. In Osteoarthritis, the cartilage starts to break down gradually which results in the rubbing of ends of bones and joints together. With time, the cartilage gets lost and the bones keep on rubbing over one another. This results in pain, stiffness, swelling, and tenderness in the joints.

Any joint can get osteoarthritis. However, the most impacted body part is:

  • Knees (weight-bearing joints)
  • Hips (weight-bearing joints)
  • Hands
  • Ankle
  • Shoulder
  • Lower Spine
Everything Need to Know About Osteoarthritis

Causes of Osteoarthritis:

There are various factors that can increase your chances of osteoarthritis. Some of the reasons for osteoarthritis are:

  1. Obesity: Obesity increases the chances of osteoarthritis in the knee, hip, and spine regions. More weight adds extra pressure and stress on the joints, as a result, the cartilage starts to break down.

  2. Age: With time the knee and hip joints start experiencing more stress, resulting in Osteoarthritis.

  3. Injury: A fracture or injury in bone, joint, cartilage, or ligament can cause the chances of developing osteoarthritis.

  4. Weak muscles: the muscles surrounding the joints start loosening and don’t provide enough joint support.

  5. Physical work: someone’s occupation that involves kneeling, climbing, lifting heavy weight, or some similar actions has a higher chance of getting osteoarthritis.

  6. Hereditary: Having siblings or parents with the same condition, can be a reason of a cause of osteoarthritis.

  7. Gender Based: women have higher chances of getting osteoarthritis.

Early Symptoms of Osteoarthritis:

Here are some of the symptoms that will let you know about osteoarthritis. Please consult the best orthopedic surgeon near you if you find any of these symptoms. If you are showing any symptoms of Osteoarthritis, contact the best orthopedic surgeon in Delhi.

  1. Experiencing pain in any joint that gets worse with time

  2. Feeling stiff or tired after sitting for long, after exercise, or after waking up in the morning

  3. Swelling at the joints after physical work

  4. Popping, cracking or clicking sound when the moment in the joint occurs with pain

  5. Reduced flexibility

  6. Difficulty in performing day-to-day activities

Diagnosis of Osteoarthritis:

Osteoarthritis is a type of disease that develops slowly and thus it is hard to diagnose in the early stage. After you visit a doctor, they will ask for your medical history and the symptoms or problems you are facing. They can also ask you about medicines you were taking for the problem you are facing and they can also look at your joints, press your joints or move them. After this, he can suggest further tests that help to make the diagnosis. This include:

  1. X-ray: X-rays show images and structures of defective bones and joints.

  2. MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging uses radio waves to create a more clear and better image of bones and cartilage. MRI is done if required in the later stage of osteoarthritis.

  3. Pathological Lab Test: Patients with arthritis are frequently evaluated with laboratory tests. These could provide information on the type of arthritis a patient has, how well they are responding to treatment, and whether any serious side effects are developing.

  4. Arthrogram: An arthrogram is the latest test technique that helps medical professionals in identifying joint issues including hip or shoulder joint pain. MR arthrograms can also clearly display cartilage, ligament, and tendon problems.

Treatment of Osteoarthritis:

The extent and location of your symptoms for osteoarthritis will determine the type of treatment that will benefit you the most. Your doctor may suggest you a vast number of different types of treatments to cure your pain. Sometimes, your pain will go away with the help of medications, lifestyle modification, and physiotherapies, but your doctor may suggest you knee replacement surgery if most of your cartilage is damaged in advanced Osteoarthritis. Some treatment methods suggested by your doctor include:

  • Medicines

    Medicines are suggested by the doctor to reduce inflammation, stiffness, and cartilage degeneration. Your doctor may suggest various medicines depending on your problem that will reduce your pain or inflammation and give you some relief. These medications are of different types. Some reduce pain, some reduce swelling and some can work for both.

  • Physiotherapy

    Physiotherapy helps to strengthen the muscles around the knee. Physiotherapy helps in reducing pain and increases your motion by improving your muscle strength. It can help in the motion of stiff joints and removes the pressure from the injured bones. Get the best physiotherapy treatment near you.

  • Life Style Modification

    Your doctor may suggest you some lifestyle changes depending on your health and the symptoms you are showing. These changes can be of various types. Some changes are:

    1. Losing Weight:
      If you are having a lot of weight that your knee and hip joints could not bear, your doctor may suggest you lose some weight. This will apply a small amount of pressure on your knees and help you walk easily.
    2. Exercise:
      An active lifestyle can help you maintain healthy bones and joints. Your doctor may suggest you some daily exercises depending on your pain. Generally, gentle and low-impact exercises are suggested for patients having osteoarthritis. If you start experiencing any joint pain, it’s crucial to cease the exercise and consult your doctor.
    3. Rest:
      Give your joints a break. Try using the stairs and prefer a walking stick if you are using it. Get enough sleep to reduce your perception of pain.
  • Dietary Supplements

    Your doctor may suggest food that contains enriched Vitamin D and Calcium sources. The calcium makes the bone stronger and offers some protection to your bone from breaking. Vitamin D can be gained from direct sunlight or some food such as canned fish, tuna, yogurt, leafy vegetables, etc.

    Before taking any supplement or food, consider consulting your doctor once. Some doctors also suggest taking supplements of Collagen II protein which helps the body to produce chemicals that fight pain and swelling. Collagen II is good for cartilage.

    Nutrients Required Sources
    Vitamin D

    Salmon, Canned tuna, Mushrooms, Egg yolk, Cow Milk, Orange Juice, Sardines, Oats, Enriched bran rice, Cashew, etc.


    Milk, Cheese, Yoghurt, Spinach, Soybeans, Sardines, Lady-finger, Almonds, Orange, Papaya, Broccoli, etc.

    Collagen II

    Salmon, Garlic, Berries, Salmon, Walnuts, Avocados, Broccoli, Green Beans, etc.

    Omega- 3 Fatty Acids

    Fish oil, Walnuts, Flaxseed oil, Spinach, Flaxseeds, Eggs, Broccoli, etc.

  • Arthroscopy

    During the Arthroscopy process, a surgeon removes the damaged and ripped cartilage from a joint. Arthroscopes are used for this procedure. An arthroscope is a simple device that has a tiny camera attached to the front of a tube. It helps a surgeon to see inside the knee joint while performing surgery. This procedure is commonly used for treating knee osteoarthritis.

    Cartilage grafting is the latest surgical procedure that replaces damaged cartilage with healthy cartilage from a non-weight-bearing joint. Cartilage grafting is performed to correct joint deformities and restore the weight‐bearing capability of the affected joint. To know more about arthroscopy read Everything You Need to Know About Arthroscopic Knee Surgery

  • Knee Replacement Surgery

    When more than 70% of your bone is damaged and none of the above remedies work for your pain. Your doctor will suggest replacement surgery to you. Joint replacement surgery is also known as Arthroplasty. In this process, the bone’s damaged surface is removed and replaced with plastic, gold, or another metal prosthesis. The two most often knee replacement surgery is done on the hip and knee. The elbow, ankles, fingers, or other joints can also be replaced.

    Cure My Knee has a dedicated team of doctors and a patient care team who are committed to providing you the best care through traditional as well as new methods of surgery. We provide you with the newest, least expensive, and most efficient surgical procedure. To know more visit Best Knee Replacement Surgery in Delhi.

Precaution for Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis risks can’t be avoided which occur due to heredity and age. However, it can only be controlled. Many steps can lead you to have stronger bones and avoid osteoarthritis. These are:

  1. Maintain weight: Keep your weight in a limited range depending upon your height. Avoid getting obese and gaining weight that will apply more pressure on your cartilage.

  2. Eat Well: Have a nutritious diet with fruits and vegetables. Eat calcium, Vitamin D, Omega 3 fatty acids, and Vitamin C-enriched foods to keep your bones stronger. This includes fish oil, flaxseed oil, Salmon, sardines, Mushroom, milk, oats, etc.

  3. Rest: Give your body the required amount of sleep and rest. Don’t keep sitting, standing, and walking for a longer period.

  4. Don’t over-run or over-exercise: Always know your limits. With age the cartilage becomes weak. Always do exercise that is gentle and gives your bone relief. If you are an athlete, prefer athletic supports and shoes that reduce the impact on your bones and joints.